Ride-hailing driver behavior in single-lane traffic
We simulated Transportation Network Vehicles (TNVs) in single-lane vehicular traffic using the Nagel-Schreckenberg (NS) Model combined with a modified version of the Bus Route (BR) model. In our model: (1) Passengers spawn randomly; (2) TNVs slow down to pick up passengers; and (3) After dropping off passengers, TNVs either cruised or parked while waiting for a booking. At high vehicle densities (ρ ≥ 0.6), parking-dominant systems produced higher throughput due to the decongestion brought by the reduced number of vehicles on the road. On the other hand, the interplay among passenger arrival rate, vehicle volume, and TNV count affected traffic flow and TNV trip counts.